Eusebius was born in the Hungarian town of Esztergom in the early thirteenth century. He stood out from others even when very young. Those who knew him marvelled at his knowledge and piety. He often stayed awake all night keeping vigil. He devoted all his time to prayer, the psalms, meditation and learning. Sometimes he spoke to people about ways they could gain special wisdom which would bring them closer to God. Eusebius was made a canon in Esztergom.
Eusebius was not only famous for his virtues, but also for his generous hospitality. He was often visited by hermits who lived in abodes scattered throughout the mountainous region around Esztergom. On these occasions the hermits exchanged woven baskets for food. Eusebius admired these hermits so much that he decided to become a hermit himself. The invasion of the Tartar hordes into Hungary interrupted his plan.
After the Tartars had left he still remained at his post and may have helped in the rebuilding of his country. In all it took him three years to ask permission from his superior, the Archbishop Istvan Vancsa to leave and begin a new life as a hermit. He thus did not flee from difficulties but made a peacetime, conscious decision for a life of self-sacrifice and penance.
At this time many others also become hermits, determined to serve Christ in solitude. Their parents and friends tried to persuade them to return. Eusebius made this reply to them: Although Christ loved his Mother and also his cousin John the Apostle and knew his crucifixion was causing them both untold sorrow, Christ did not save himself from the cross. Christ died the way he chose to. Following Christ's example Eusebius and his fellow hermits cannot choose to descend from the cross of penitence in spite of the lamentations of beloved ones. We are staying! Hearing these words from the depths of Eusebius' soul the parents and friends could make no reply.
Eusebius moved into a triple cave near Szanto. He placed a large wooden cross in front of the cave. It was there where he prayed and meditated. One night while praying he had a vision. The entire Pilis mountain range was fill of tiny flames. These flames started to move towards him and finally in front of the cross by his cave, the flames converged into one enormous blazing torch. Eusebius then heard a voice coming from the cross: Eusebius, summon all the hermits and found a monastic community. The love present in each will be the bond that will unite you and enable each to give loving service.
The vision was followed by deed. At the beginning of the second half of the thirteenth century Eusebius established the first Hungarian monastic order. At the National Synod at Esztergom in 1256 he signed his name as the first provincial of the Order of St. Paul the First Hermit. In 1262 Eusebius and some fellow monks journeyed to the Court of Pope Urban IV. There the pontiff was asked to endorse the Order. Eusebius had the support of St. Thomas of Aquino and also of the first Hungarian Cardinal, Istvan Vancsa, the very same person who gave permission to Eusebius to become a hermit.
Eusebius was the abbot of his cloister for 20 years. When he was near death he gathered his brother hermits around him and blessed them. On the 19th January 1270 in the cloister of Szentkereszt (Holy Cross) Eusebius died. There were sixteen Pauline cloisters during Eusebius' lifetime and after his death this number rose to nearly 150.
Prayers to Blessed Eusebius of Esztergom
A Prayer to Blessed Eusebius
Let us pray
Lord God, who bestows glory on His saints, I turn to You and ask that by the intercession of Blessed Eusebius of Esztergom, whose love for You led him to become a hermit and love a life of penitence, that help be given to his people in need. May the prayers of Blessed Eusebius unite the Hungarian people, dispersed throughout the world, just as in Eusebius' lifetime, when his prayers brought together the hermits into one community and home.
May Eusebius guide the Churches to unity according to the wishes of Your beloved Son.
May the flame of love of the hermit Eusebius burn in the empty lives of the human race and guide parents and children back to the warmth of true family life.
May the search for the truth by the ever-seeking youth find the illumined path along which lies happiness and the true purpose of human life and by which all many come to know You, dear Lord.
May the old and the sick know the light so that through their deep love, they may bear their sorrows and pain and thus by example help their fellow man overcome all suffering.
May the prayers of Blessed Eusebius relieve the shortage of priests in his country, Hungary, and our country, Australia, and may all who have responded to the call of priesthood be faithful till death to the Church, in obedience, chastity and unity.
After a terrible war Blessed Eusebius retreated into the mountains and become a hermit. He did this to help obtain peace though devotion and sacrifice. May the virtues of Eusebius help bring peace to the world and especially to his country Hungary and everywhere where there is violence and anxiety.
Finally, I present to you my personal request:
I ask that though the intercession of Blessed Eusebius for the benefit of every soul and the Church, I ask that this request be granted.
Though the power of Christ Our Lord, Amen.